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toefl词汇精选30例

2013-07-03 14:00     供稿单位: 互联网    

出国英语考试有哪些 雅思6.5是什么水平 雅思阅读评分标准 托福阅读评分标准 雅思和托福的区别

今天新航道托福频道小编为大家整理了toefl词汇精选30例,供大家参考,以下是详细内容。

 001. Most of these leaders were involved in public life as reformers, activists working for women's right to vote, or authors, and were not representative at all of the great of ordinary women.

  The word "representative" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) typical

  (B) satisfied

  (C) supportive

  (D) distinctive

  002. In the United States, Louis Comfort Tiffany (1843-1933) was the most noted exponent of this style, producing a great variety of glass forms and surfaces, which were widely copied in their time and are highly prized today.

  The word "prized" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) valued

  (B) universal

  (C) uncommon

  (D) preserved

  003. The Art Nouveau style was a major force in the decorative arts from 1895 until 1915, although its influence continued throughout the mid-1920's. It was eventually to be overtaken by a new school of thought known as Functionalism that had been present since the turn of the century.

  The word "overtaken" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) surpassed

  (B) inclined

  (C) expressed

  (D) applied

  004. During most of their lives, surge glaciers behave like normal glaciers, traveling perhaps only a couple of inches per day. However, at intervals of 10 to 100 years, these glaciers move forward up to 100 times faster than usual.

  The word "intervals" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) records

  (B) speeds

  (C) distances

  (D) periods

  005. The increasing water pressure under the glacier might lift it off its bed, overcoming the,friction between ice and rock, thus freeing the glacier, which rapidly sliders downhill. Surge glaciers also might be influenced by the climate, volcanic heat, or earthquakes.

  The word "freeing" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) pushing

  (B) releasing

  (C) strengthening

  (D) draining

  006. A flood of ice would then surge into the Southern Sea. With the continued rise in sea level, more ice would plunge into the ocean, causing sea levels to rise even higher, which in turn would release more ice and set in motion a vicious cycle.

  The word "plunge" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) drop

  (B) extend

  (C) melt

  (D) drift

  007. Group members look to instrumental leaders to "get things done." Expressive leadership, on the other hand, is leadership that emphasizes the collective well-being of a social group's members.

  The word "collective" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) necessary

  (B) typical

  (C) group

  (D) particular

  008. They offer sympathy when someone experiences difficulties or is subjected to discipline, are quick to lighten a serious moment with humor, and try to resolve issues that threaten to divide the group.

  The word "resolve" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) avoid repeating

  (B) talk about

  (C) avoid thinking about

  (D) find a solution for

  009. Thousands of tons were extracted before 1875, when it was first noticed that the tar contained fossil remains. Major excavations were undertaken that established the significance of this remarkable site.

  The word "noticed" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) predicted

  (B) announced

  (C) corrected

  (D) observed

  010. Since then, over 100 tons of fossils, 1.5 million from vertebrates, 2.5 million from invertebrates, have been recovered, often in densely concentrated tangled masses.

  The word "tangled" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) buried beneath

  (B) twisted together

  (C) quickly formed

  (D) easily dated

011. The asphalt at La Brea seeps to the surface, especially in the summer, and forms shallow puddles that would often have been concealed by leaves and dust.

  The word "concealed" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) highlighted

  (B) covered

  (C) transformed

  (D) contaminated

  012. The ocean bottom --- a region nearly 2. 5 times greater than the total land area of the Earth --- is a vast frontier that even today is largely unexplored and uncharted, until about a century ago, the deep-ocean floor was completely inaccessible, hidden beneath waters averaging over 3,600 meters deep.

  The word "inaccessible" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) unrecognizable

  (B) unreachable

  (C) unusable

  (D) unsafe

  013. The DSDP's drill ship, the Glomar Challenger, was able to maintain a steady position on the ocean's surface and drill in very deep waters, extracting samples of sediments and rock from the ocean floor.

  The word "extracting" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) breaking

  (B) locating

  (C) removing

  (D) analyzing

  014. Today, largely on the strength of evidence gathered during the Glomar Challenger's voyages, nearly all earth scientists agree on the theories of plate tectonics and continental drift that explain many of the geological processes that shape the Earth.

  The word "strength" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) basis

  (B) purpose

  (C) discovery

  (D) endurance

  015. For every three Canadians in 1945, there were over five in 1966. In September 1966 Canada's population passed the 20 million mark. Most of this surging growth came from natural increase.

  The word "surging" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) new

  (B) extra

  (C) accelerating

  (D) surprising

  016. When the prairies were being settled, undoubtedly, the good economic conditions of the 1950's supported a growth in the population, but the expansion also derived from a trend toward earlier marriages and an increase in the average size of families.

  The word "trend" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) tendency

  (B) aim

  (C) growth

  (D) directive

  017. After the peak year of 1957, the birth rate in Canada began to decline. It continued falling until in 1966, it stood at the lowest level in 25 years.

  The word "peak" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) pointed

  (B) dismal

  (C) mountain

  (D) maximum

  018. Although the growth in Canada's population had slowed down by 1966 (the increase the first half of the 1960's was only nine percent) , another large population wave was coming over the horizon. It would be composed of the children who were born during the period of the high birth rate prior to 1957.

  The phrase "prior to" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) behind

  (B) since

  (C) during

  (D) preceding

  019. Advocates of organic foods --- a term whose meaning varies greatly --- frequently proclaim that such products are safer and more nutritious than others.

  The word "Advocates" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) Proponents

  (B) Merchants

  (C) Inspectors

  (D) Consumers

  020. There are numerous unsubstantiated reports that natural vitamins are superior to synthetic ones, that fertilized eggs are nutritionally superior to unfertilized eggs, that untreated grains are better than fumigated grains, and the like.

  The word "unsubstantiated" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) unbelievable

  (B) uncontested

  (C) unpopular

  (D) unverified

021. But in many cases consumers are misled if they believe organic foods can maintain health and provide better nutritional quality than conventionally grown foods. So there is real cause for concern if consumers, particularly those with limited incomes, distrust the regular food supply and buy only expensive organic foods instead.

  The word "maintain" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) improve

  (B) monitor

  (C) preserve

  (D) restore

  022. In addition, there were performers and since considerable importance was attached to avoiding mistakes in the enactment of rites, religious leaders usually assumed that task.

  The word "considerable" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) thoughtful

  (B) substantial

  (C) relational

  (D) ceremonial

  023. In addition, there were performers and since considerable importance was attached to avoiding mistakes in the enactment of rites, religious leaders usually assumed that task. The word "enactment" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) establishment

  (B) performance

  (C) authorization

  (D) season

  024. Staggering tasks confronted the people of the United States, North and South, when the Civil War ended. About a million and a half soldiers from both sides had to be demobilized, readjusted to civilian life, and reabsorbed by the devastated economy.

  The word "Staggering" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) specialized

  (B) confusing

  (C) various

  (D) overwhelming

  025. About a million and a half soldiers from both sides had to be demobilized, readjusted to civilian life, and reabsorbed by the devastated economy.

  The word "devastated" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) developing

  (B) ruined

  (C) complicated

  (D) fragile

  026. Some botanists hypothesized that the living cells of plants acted as pumps. But many experiments demonstrated that the stems of plants in which all the cells are killed can still move water to appreciable heights.

  The word "demonstrated" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) ignored

  (B) showed

  (C) disguised

  (D) distinguished

  027. As water is lost from the surface of the leaves, a negative pressure, or tension, is created. The evaporated water is replaced by water moving from inside the plant in unbroken columns that extend from the top of a plant to its roots. The same forces that create surface tension in any sample of water are responsible for the maintenance of these unbroken columns of water.

  The word "extend" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) stretch

  (B) branch

  (C) increase

  (D) rotate

  028. By opening vast areas of unoccupied land for residential expansion, the omnibuses, horse railways, commuter trains, and electric trolleys pulled settled regions outward two to four times more distant from city centers than they were in the premodern era.

  The word "vast" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) large

  (B) basic

  (C) new

  (D) urban

  029. The new accessibility of land around the periphery of almost every major city sparked an explosion of real estate development and fueled what we now know as urban sprawl. Between 1890 and 1920, for example, some 250,000 new residential lots were recorded within the borders of Chicago, most of them located in outlying areas.

  The word "sparked" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) brought about

  (B) surrounded

  (C) sent out

  (D) followed

  030. Anxious to take advantage of the possibilities of commuting, real estate developers added 800,000 potential building sites to the Chicago region in just thirty years- lots that could have housed five to six million people.

  The word "potential" is closest in meaning to which of following?

  (A) certain

  (B) popular

  (C) improved

  (D) possible

以上就是新航道托福频道小编为大家整理的toefl词汇精选,希望对大家有帮助,更多资讯请访问http://www.pyenglish.com/toefl/

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